BWCA, Boundary Waters Canoe Area Web site

BWCA, Boundary Waters Canoe Area, Canoe Trips

BWCA, Boundary Waters History, Rules, Regulations, Permits

BWCA, Plan Your Boundary Waters Trip, Maps, Permits

BWCA, Boundary Waters Canoe Trip Ethics, Leave No Trace, Minimum Impact Camping

BWCA Resorts, Lodges, Campgrounds, Cabins, Rentals, Lakeshore Rentals

BWCA Canoe Outfitters

BWCA Bulletin Board, Blogs and RSS FeedsRSS Feed
Boundary Waters Canoe Area History Center™

1958-1975 History

1960, Timber Interests
Press for more timber availability in National Forests.

1960, Congress
Passes Multiple Use-Sustained Yield Act which established multiple use concept in National Forests and directed Ag. Sec. to promote logging up to the level of sustained yield.

1961, Congress
Authorizes an additional $2,000,000 for land acquisition (Extension of Thye-Blatnik Act).

1964, Congress
Passes Wilderness Act. (Humphrey inserts Paragraph 4(d)(5) "multiple use language from 1948 F.S. plan into Act. Forest Service testifies in favor of this insertion. Conservationists oppose. Act passes with language in.  Another landmark Bill.

1964, Dept. of Ag.
Freeman appoints Selke Committee to study and recommend changes in BWCA management.

1965, Dept. of Ag.
Freeman issues 13 Directives on BWCA use derived from Selke Committee. Recommendations generally increasing no-cut areas, providing motorboat zoning, limiting snowmobiling and setting up visitor registration.

1965, Citizens
Demonstrate against Directive in Ely with a parade of logging trucks.

1964, Forest Service
Supervisor Neff decrees that snowmobiles are winter motor boats and thus may use same routes as motor boats.

1966-7, Industrialists
Copper-Nickel prospecting increases outside BWCA.

1968, Industrialists
INCO develops exploratory mine near Birch Lake, south of Ely. St. Clair starts prospecting in BWCA.

1969, Conservationists
IWLA brings suit against Sec. of Ag., State and St. Clair to halt prospecting.

1969, Congress
Passes National Environmental Policy Act to encourage productive harmony between man and his environment.

1971, State
Passes Act establishing right of State to regulate use of watercraft on State controlled waters.

1972, Executive
Nixon issues Executive Order prohibiting use of snowmobiles and recreational vehicles in wilderness areas.

1972, Forest Service
Forest Supervisor Anderson publishes informational document in advance of official management plan of 1974.

1973, Outfitters
Suggest "can ban" to Forest Service to help keep wilderness clean--reduce burden on Forest Service.

1973, Courts
Federal District Court (Judge Neville) prohibits mining in BWCA.

1973, Conservationists
MPIRG brings suit to halt cutting of virgin forest in BWCA.  Conservationists press to stop logging.

1974, Courts
8th District Court of Appeals reverses Neville decision.  Mining again permissible.

1974, Forest Service
Regional Supervisor, Cravens, issues new Management Plan continuing logging, motors, etc. in BWCA.

1975, Courts
Federal District Court (Judge Lord) bans logging of virgin timber.

1975, Forest Service
Advises Congressman Oberstar on BWCA bill.

1975, Congress
Oberstar introduces new BWCA bill including extensive NRA concept which excludes 400,000 acres from wilderness.

1975, Conservationists
Agitate against Oberstar Bill. Plead for bill to protect wilderness.

1975, Forest Service
Extends snowmobile usage in BWCA through 1975-1976 season.
Conservationists appeal snowmobile usage.

Written by H.C. Johnson, M.L. Heinselman, E.M. Sitz.

An outline of Boundary Waters Canoe Area History

Main History Page | 1895-1919 | 1920-1940 | 1941-1958 | 1959-1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980

Boundary Waters Canoe Area Web site
Boundary Waters Canoe Area Web site
Over 39 million visitors have used this service in the past 20 years!
Lodging and Canoe Trip Specials | BWCA Bulletin Boards |
RSS Feed | Canoe Country Jobs | Canoe Country Blogs

Home | Outfitters | Plan Your Trip | Where to Stay | Guided Trips | Discussion / RSS | History | Ethics | EDUcational

About | Winter Fun | Permits | Hiking | Books | Jobs | Maps | Weather | Image Gallery | Buy Gear | Links

Request Advertising Info
Don't have a Web site? 
We can create one for you
click here

Privacy Policy | Contact Us

Published from the edge of the Boundary Waters
Canoe Area by Chad Jones

Updated Aug 26, 2016

RSS Feeds

All Original Content and Coding
Copyright © 1996-2016 BWCA Web site /
All Rights Reserved Disclaimer and Copyright Notices